Russia has started test flying the first “new” Tupolev Tu Blackjack supersonic strategic bomber. However, this first airframe will primarily be used as a flight sciences test aircraft—it. Overview Edit. The Tu Blackjack bomber costs $ and is a fast and very powerful bomber. Its payload is almost as powerful as the B-2 Spirit’s, and covers a much larger area.. Background Edit. The Tupolev Tu is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Tupolev Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.
For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation. Archived from the original on 7 July Discussions over the Tus were lengthy due to price disagreements. In , Russia unilaterally suspended its flights of strategic aviation in remote regions. Jackson, Paul.
Although several civil and military transport aircraft are larger in overall dimensions, the Tu is currently the world's largest combat aircraft , largest supersonic aircraft, and largest variable-sweep aircraft built. In addition, the Tu has the heaviest takeoff weight of any military aircraft besides transports. Entering service in , the Tu was the last strategic bomber designed for the Soviet Union.
The aircraft is in service, with at least 16 aircraft currently in use with the Russian Air Force. The first competition for a supersonic strategic heavy bomber was launched in the Soviet Union in In , the Soviet Union launched a new multi-mission bomber competition to create a new supersonic, variable-geometry "swing-wing" heavy bomber with a maximum speed of Mach 2.
The Tupolev design, dubbed Aircraft M , with a lengthened flying wing layout and incorporating some elements of the Tu , competed against the Myasishchev M and the Sukhoi T-4 designs.
Work on the new Soviet bomber continued despite an end to the B-1A, and in the same year, the design was accepted by the government committee. The prototype was photographed by an airline passenger at a Zhukovsky Airfield in November , about a month before the aircraft's first flight on 18 December Production was authorized in , beginning at Kazan Aircraft Production Association. In , the Russian Air Force was expected to receive five modernised and one new-built Tu Changes announced include completely digital, multireserved, neutron and other nuclear emissions resistant avionics; full support of cruising and steering through GLONASS global satellite positioning system ; and an updated version the of the NK engine with increased reliability.
It is nicknamed the White Swan by the pilots. Dwarfing the similar-looking B-1B Lancer , it is the heaviest combat aircraft ever built. Unlike the B-1B, the Tu bomber remains committed to both low-level penetration at transonic speeds and high-level penetration at speeds of about Mach 1. Although the aircraft had a fly-by-wire control system all cockpit displays were conventional analogue instruments, with no multi-function or head-up displays.
The long pointed radome houses a terrain following and attack radar. Below this was a fairing for a forward-looking TV camera used for visual weapon aiming. The development programme of the Tupolev Tu was extremely protracted. The prototype first flew in and the second aircraft was lost in First aircraft became operational in Series production was at Kazan and continued until , when President Yeltsin announced that no further strategic bombers would be built.
It is believed that production totaled no more than 39 Blackjacks. Also there were some incomplete airframes. This bomber was extremely expensive to build and to maintain. The Tu has a range of 12 km. It was the second Soviet bomber after the Tu Wester reporting name Bear , that could reach the United States without in-flight refueling.
However the Tu could never replace the ageing Tu due to its astonishing price. The Blackjack set a total of 44 world records. Even after the aircraft entered service, problems continued to severely restrict operations and production began before a common standard and configuration was agreed.
Thus wingspans, equipment fit, and intake configurations differ from aircraft to aircraft. The aircraft can carry a total of 12 Kh and up to 24 Kh Both of these missiles can carry nuclear warheads. Missiles are carried in two internal weapon bays. The Tu can also carry free-fall bombs with a maximum weight of up to 40 t. These bombers are intended to attack the most important enemy targets. It is claimed that the Tu has reduced radar cross section, however it is by no means a stealthy aircraft.
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